Timeline History


Nasiruddin Humayun (March 6, 1508 February 22, 1556), was the second Mughal Emperor and ruled northern parts of India from 15301540 and again from 15551556. Like his father, Babur, he lost his kingdom early, but with Persian aid, he eventually regained an even larger one.
He succeeded his father in India in 1530, while his half-brother Kamran Mirza, who was to become a rather bitter rival, obtained the sovereignty of Kabul and Lahore, the more northern parts of their fathers empire. He originally ascended the throne at the age of 22 and was somewhat inexperienced when he came to power.
Humayun lost his Indian territories to the Afghan Sultan, Sher Shah, and only regained them with Persian aid ten years later. Humayun's return from Persia, accompanied by a large retinue of Persian noblemen, signalled an important change in Mughal Court culture, as the Central Asian origins of the dynasty were largely overshadowed by Persian art, architecture, language and literature. Subsequently, in a very short time thereafter, Humayun was able to expand the Empire further, leaving a substantial legacy for his son, Akbar the Great.
On January 24, 1556, only six months after his victorious return to India Humayun caught his foot in his robe as he descended some stairs and fell, hitting his temple on a rugged stone edge. He died three days later, and was succeeded by the 13 year old Akbar.

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