Timeline History

Rani Lakshmibai

Rani Lakshmi Bai, the queen of the Maratha-ruled princely state of Jhansi in central India, was one of the great nationalist heroes of the War of Independence of 1857, and a symbol of resistance to British rule in India. She was born sometime around 1828 at Kashi and died on 17th June 1858 at Gwalior. Her childhood name was Manikarnika.
Lakshmi Bai was born sometime around 1828 at Kashi (presently known as Varanasi). There is an alternate date of the 19th of November 1835 which was asserted by D.B. Parasnis in his biography of the Rani. However, no other credible historian agrees with this date and all the evidence points to 1828. The simplest and most direct evidence comes via John Lang. In his account of his meeting with the Rani in 1854 he mentions that her vakil said she was a woman of about 26 years.
Her father Moropanth Tambey was a brahmin and her mother Bhagirathibai was cultured, intelligent and religious. Born Manikarnika, she was affectionately called Manu in her family. Manu lost her mother at the age of four, and responsibility of looking after the young girl fell to her father. She completed her education and martial training, which included horse riding, fencing and shooting, when she was still a child.
She was married to Raja Gangadhar Rao Niwalkar, the Maharaja of Jhansi in 1842, and became the queen of Jhansi. After the marriage, she was given the name Lakshmi Bai. The ceremony of the marriage was performed at the Ganesh Mandir, the temple of Lord Ganesha situated in the old city of Jhansi. Rani Lakshmi Bai gave birth to a son in 1851, but this child died when he was about four months old.
In 1853 Gangadhar Rao fell very ill and he was persuaded to adopt a child. To ensure that the British would not be able to contest the adoption, the Rani had it witnessed by the local British representatives. Maharaja Gangadhar Rao expired the following day, 21 November 1853.

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