Timeline History

New York City History Timeline 1851 - 1900

Year Politics Historic Events Personalities Art & Literature Architecture / Buildings Finance Crimes and Disasters Sports & Entertainment
1851-1855 election of the first Tammany mayor, Fernando Wood (1854). Pres. Franklin Pierce opened the 1st industrial exposition in NY (1853).

Vermont native Elisha Graves Otis (1811-1861) unveiled his invention, the safety elevator at the New York World's Fair (1854).
  Central Park constructed (1853). Complete Statements Required (1853):The NYSE strengthens its listing standards, requiring companies to provide complete statements of shares outstanding and capital resources. Cholera epidemic kills 2509(1854). NY Times Square
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1856-1860 Theodore Roosevelt, 26th president of the United States who was the namesake of the "Teddy" bear, was born in New York City (1858). The American Chess Association formed (1857). Thomas Hastings, architect of the New York Public Library, was born (1860).   Panic of 1857 :The Ohio Life Insurance & Trust Company collapses. Prices drop eight to ten percent in the course of a single trading session, the culmination of a 45% decline in market value since the beginning of the year.    
1861-1865   Lincoln is Assassinated(1865). Yellow Cabs on Times Square
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  Woodlawn Cemetery is one of the most beautiful cemeteries in the world established in 1863. The New York Stock Exchange opened its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad Street near Wall Street in NYC (1865).

Outbreak of the Civil War (1861):At the outbreak of the Civil War, the NYS&EB suspends trading in securities of seceding states.

New Name (1863):The New York Stock & Exchange Board becomes the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)

NYSE Moves into Permanent Home (1865).
Approximately 50,000 people riot in protest of President Abraham Lincoln's announcement of a draft for troops to fight in the American Civil War. Over 100 are killed and many African Americans flee the city. The movie Gangs of New York takes place during the draft riots (1863).  
1866-1870   The 1st US elevated railroad began service in NYC (1867).

American Museum of Natural History opened in NYC (1869).

New York City's first pneumatic-powered subway line was opened to the public (1870).
  Brooklyn Bridge constructed (1869).

The New York Bridge Co. hired John Roebling and his son Washington to build a suspension bridge across the East River between Manhattan and Brooklyn (1867).

The Metropolitan Museum is founded (1870).
NYSE Begins Supervising Listing Policies (1866):The NYSE appoints the Committee on Stock List to take charge of admitting new securities. This begins the Exchange's effort to supervise and control listing policies.

The First Stock Ticker (1867):Invented by Edward A. Calahan, the stock ticker revolutionizes the stock market by bringing current prices to investors everywhere.

"Watering Stocks" Prohibited (1869).

NYSE Consolidation Plan Adopted (1869).
Cholera epidemic kills "only" 1137, its spread having been limited by the efforts of the new Metropolitan Board of Health and enforcement of sanitation laws (1866). The NY Athletic Club formed (1868).
1871-1875   Moses F. Gale patented a cigar lighter in NYC (1871).

The Butter and Cheese Exchange opened in NYC. It later became known as the New York Mercantile Exchange (Nymex) (1872).

New York City annexed the Bronx (1874).
    Continuous Trading via Specialists Begins (1871):To foster more liquid markets, the Exchange adopts a system of continuous trading, replacing calls of stocks at set times. As part of the new system, brokers dealing in a particular stock remain at one location on the trading floor, giving rise to the specialist.

Specialists are Created (1872):As part of the Exchange's new system of continuous trading to replace calls of stocks at set times, brokers dealing in a particular stock remain at one location on the trading floor, giving rise to the specialist.
A boiler explosion aboard the Westfield II Staten Island Ferry kills 125 among hundreds of Manhattanites making a weekend trip to the beaches (1871).  
1876-1880   Harry Carey Sr., actor (Aces Wild, Border Cafe, Air Force), was born in Bronx, NY (1878).   The Washington Square United Methodist Church was built in NYC (1879). First Telephone on the Floor(1878):The first telephone is installed on the NYSE floor, just two years after Alexander Graham Bell conducts successful tests in Boston. A stage scenery fire envelopes the Brooklyn Theatre during a performance of "The Two Orphans" and kills at least 276 people, primarily patrons in the upper gallery (1876).  
1881-1885   Thomas Edison displayed the first practical electrical lighting system. He successfully turned on the lights in a one square mile area of New York City with the world’s 1st electricity generating plant (1882).

Long-distance telephone service was inaugurated between Chicago and New York (1883).

The Brooklyn Bridge, hailed as the "eighth wonder of the world," officially opened to traffic (1883).
Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States, was born in Hyde Park, N.Y (1882).

Fiorella H. La Guardia, mayor of New York City, 1933-1945, was born (1882).

Jerome Kern, Broadway composer (Showboat, Roberta), was born in NYC (1885).
  Statue of Liberty constructed (1884). Paging Begins (1881):The first annunciator board is installed for paging members. A train wreck occurs just south of Spuyten Duyvil Creek when a local train from Tarrytown crashes into the tail end of an express from Albany which had stopped on the tracks in order to make an emergency repair. At least 10 persons were killed, including a state senator (1882).

Rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge is going to collapse causes a stampede that kills 12 (1883).
The US Open was first held in August 1881.
1886-1890   Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island, formerly Bedloe's Island, in New York Harbor, a gift from the people of France, was dedicated by President Cleveland (1886).

The George Washington Bridge, linking New York City and New Jersey, opened (1889).
David Steinman, bridge designer (Hudson, Triborough), was born in NYC (1886).

Eugene O'Neill (d.1953), Nobel Prize-winning playwright (1936), was born in NYC (1888).

Walter Lippmann, journalist, was born in NYC. He was one of the founders of The New Republic Magazine in 1914 (1889).

Edwin Howard Armstrong, radio pioneer and inventor of FM, was born in NYC (1890).
    First Million Share Day (1886).

New York Quotation Company (1889):The New York Quotation Company, a NYSE subsidiary, is organized to provide ticker service to subscribers.
The "White Hurricane", aka the Great Blizzard of '88, paralyzes the Eastern seaboard from Maryland to Maine, in New York City causing temperatures to fall as much as 60 degrees. About 21 inches (53 cm) of snow fall on the city, but enormous winds whip it into drifts as much as 20 feet deep. Regionally, over 400 people are said to have died in the storm's path (1888). The first U.S. Women's National Singles Championship was held in 1887.
1891-1895   the formation of the five boroughs (1898).
George Meany, the first president of the AFL-CIO, was born in New York City (1894).   New York Herald Building constructed (1894). NYSE Establishes Clearing House (1892):The New York Stock Exchange Clearing House is organized to centralize and expedite the transfer of securities from broker to broker.    
1896-1900     New York Public Library constructed (1897).

University Club constructed (1900).
DJIA Published By Wall Street Journal (1896):The Dow Jones Industrial Average is published by the Wall Street Journal for the first time, with an initial value of 40.74. Among the twelve stocks that comprise the list are American Cotton Oil and Standard Rope and Twine. A heat wave prostrates the city, with temperatures exceeding 90°F for nine days both day and night, with stagnant air and oppressive humidity. About 420 people die, mostly in crowded tenements in areas such as the Lower East Side (1896).

Henry Bliss becomes the first person killed in an automobile accident in the United States when he steps off a streetcar at 74th St. and Central Park West and is struck by a taxicab (1899).
The first U.S. National Men's Doubles Championship was held in 1900.
Year Politics Historic Events Personalities Art & Literature Architecture / Buildings Finance Crimes and Disasters Sports & Entertainment

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