Timeline History

Terrorism History Timeline 1981-1990

Year Terror groups Terrorism War colonism dictators Coups military rule / emergency rule Weapons
1981   The Red Army exploded a bomb at the U.S. Air Force Base at Ramstein, West Germany. (Aug 31)

Soldiers who were secretly members of the Takfir Wal-Hajira sect attacked and killed Egyptian President Anwar Sadat during a troop review. (Oct 6)

Three American nuns and one lay missionary were found murdered outside San Salvador, El Salvador. They were killed by members of the National Guard, and the killers are currently in prison. (Dec 4)
Honduran Guerrilla War (1981 -1990) Muhammad Hosni Said Mubarak (born May 4, 1928) commonly known as Hosni Mubarak has been the President of Egypt since 14 October 1981.

Ali Khamenei born April 18, 1939, is the current Supreme Leader of Iran and was the president of Iran from 1981 to 1989.
1982 Hezbollah (Party of God); Lebanon, worldwide cells
A radical Shi'ite group with aims for the creation of Iranian-style Islamic republic Dedicated to eliminating Israel, is anti-U.S. and anti-Israel
Nicaraguan Civil War (1982 -1990)

Falkland Islands/Malvinas War
Paul Biya (born 13 February 1933) has been the President of Cameroon since 1982.    
1983   A U.S. citizen was seized by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and held for ransom. (Apr 8)

U.S. embassy destroyed in suicide car-bomb attack; 63 dead, including 17 Americans. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility. (Apr 18)

A U.S. Navy officer was assassinated by the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front. (May 25)

Shiite suicide bombers exploded truck near U.S. military barracks at Beirut airport, killing 241 marines. Minutes later a second bomb killed 58 French paratroopers in their barracks in West Beirut. (Oct 23)

Shiite truck bombers attacked the U.S. embassy and other targets, killing 5 and injuring 80. (Dec 12)
US Invasion of Grenada    
1984   The Islamic Jihad kidnapped and later murdered Political Officer William Buckley in Beirut, Lebanon. Other U.S. citizens not connected to the U.S. government were seized over a succeeding two-year period. (March 16)

Eighteen U.S. servicemen were killed and 83 people were injured in a bomb attack on a restaurant near a U.S. Air Force Base in Torrejon, Spain. (Apr 12)

Truck bomb exploded outside the U.S. embassy annex, killing 24, including 2 U.S. military. (Sep 20)

Kuwait Airways Flight 221, from Kuwait to Pakistan, hijacked and diverted to Tehran. 2 Americans killed. (Dec 3)
Cameroonian Revolt

New Caledonian Uprising (1984 - 1985)
Lansana Conté (born 1934) has been the President of Guinea since 3 April 1984. He is a Muslim and a member of the Soussou ethnic group.

1985 Harakat ul-Mujahidin (HUM); Pakistan
Islamic militant group aligned with the radical JUI-F faction Targets Indian troops, Kashmiri civilians, and Western interests
Bombing at restaurant frequented by U.S. soldiers, killed 18 Spaniards and injured 82. (Apr 12)

TWA Flight 847 en route from Athens to Rome hijacked to Beirut by Hezbollah terrorists and held for 17 days. A U.S. Navy diver executed. (Jun 14)

Members of the FMLN (Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front) fired on a restaurant in the Zona Rosa district of San Salvador, killing four Marine Security Guards assigned to the U.S. Embassy and nine Salvadorean civilians. (june 19)

Mediterranean Sea: gunmen attack Italian cruise ship, Achille Lauro. One U.S. tourist killed. Hijacking linked to Libya. (Oct 7)

An EgyptAir airplane bound from Athens to Malta and carrying several U.S. citizens was hijacked by the Abu Nidal Group. (Nov 23)

Airports in Rome and Vienna were bombed, killing 20 people, 5 of whom were Americans. Bombing linked to Libya. (Dec 18)
Hun Sen, (born April 4, 1951) is the Prime Minister of Cambodia since 1985. He is a key leader of the Cambodian People's Party, which, has governed Cambodia in a coalition with the Funcinpec party since the restoration of multi-party democracy in 1993.    
1986   A Palestinian splinter group detonated a bomb as TWA Flight 840 approached Athens airport, killing four U.S. citizens. (March 30)

A bomb exploded aboard TWA flight 840 en route from Rome to Athens, killing 4 Americans and injuring 9. (Apr 2)

Two U.S. soldiers were killed and 79 American servicemen were injured in a Libyan bomb attack on a nightclub in West Berlin, West Germany. In retaliation U.S. military jets bombed targets in and around Tripoli and Benghazi. (Apr 5)
Surinamese Guerrilla War (1986 - 1992)

Ugandan Guerrilla and Civil Wars (1986 - 1999)
Mswati III (born Makhosetive on April 19, 1968) of Swaziland is the king of Swaziland, and head of the Swazi Royal Family. He succeeded his late father, Sobhuza II, in 1986.

1987 HAMAS (Islamic Resistance Movement); West Bank, Gaza Strip, Israel
Outgrowth of the Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood Aims to replace Israel with Palestinian Islamic state using political and violent means

Aum Shinrikyo (Aum); Japan, Russia
Cult established by Shoko Asahara Claims U.S. will start WWIII with Japan, beginning Armageddon
Sixteen U.S. servicemen riding in a Greek Air Force bus near Athens were injured in an apparent bombing attack, carried out by the revolutionary organization known as November 17. (Apr 24)

Catalan separatists bombed a Barcelona bar frequented by U.S. servicemen, resulting in the death of one U.S. citizen. (Dec 26)
Burkino Faso Rebellion General Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (born in Hammam-Sousse on September 3, 1936) is the President of the Tunisian Republic since November 7, 1987 and only the second one since its Independence from France on March 20, 1956.

Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born February 21, 1924) is a Zimbabwean politician. He has been the head of government in Zimbabwe since 1980, first as Prime Minister and later as first executive President.
1988 Al-Qaeda; Afghanistan until 2001, Southeast Asia, Middle East, worldwide cells
Osama bin Laden's network of Arabs who fought against the Soviet Union. Goal to establish a worldwide pan-Islamic Caliphate Targets “non-Islamic” regimes and U.S. citizens
U.S. Marine Corps Lieutenant Colonel W. Higgins was kidnapped and murdered by the Iranian-backed Hizballah group while serving with the United Nations Truce Supervisory Organization (UNTSO) in southern Lebanon. (Feb 17)

The Organization of Jihad Brigades exploded a car-bomb outside a USO Club in Naples, Italy, killing one U.S. sailor. (Apr 14)

The Defense Attachι of the U.S. Embassy in Greece was killed when a car-bomb was detonated outside his home in Athens. (Jun 28)

N.Y.-bound Pan-Am Boeing 747 exploded in flight from a terrorist bomb and crashed into Scottish village, killing all 259 aboard and 11 on the ground. (Dec 21)
Somalian Civil War (1988 - 1990)

Armenian-Azerbaijani War (1988 - 1994)

Papua New Guinean Civil War (1988 - 1998)
1989 Lashkar-e- Tayyiba (LT) (Army of the Righteous); Pakistan
Armed wing of a Pakistan-based Sunni anti-U.S. missionary group Targets Indian troops and civilians in Kashmir
The New People's Army (NPA) assassinated Colonel James Rowe in Manila. The NPA also assassinated two U.S. government defense contractors in September. US Invasion of Panama

Paraguayan Revolt

Rumanian Rebellion

Liberian Civil War (1989 - 1999)

Senegalese Border War (1989 - 1991)

Tiananmen Square Massacre
Field Marshal Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir ( born 1 January 1944) is a Sudanese military leader and politician, chief of state (1989-1993) and President since 1993.

1990 Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA); Northern Ireland, Irish Republic
Splinter group, also called Continuity Army Council and Republican Sinn Fein Targets British military, Northern Ireland security forces, Loyalist paramilitary groups

Jemaah Islamiya organization (JI); cells span Southeast Asia
Southeast Asian network aims to create an idealized Islamic state Plotted against tourist spots, foreign diplomatic buildings

Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG); Libya, United Kingdom, other countries
Libyans who had fought against Soviet forces in Afganistan and the Qaddafi regime in Libya. Pledged to overthrow un-Islamic government of Libyan president Muammar al-Qaddafi

Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group (GICM)
Wishes to create an Islamic state in Morocco

Asbat al-Ansar; Lebanon
Sunni extremist group associated with Osama bin Laden Aims to create Islamic state, opposes peace with Israel
The Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement bombed the U.S. Embassy in Lima, Peru. (Jan 15)

The New People's Army (NPA) killed two U.S. Air Force personnel near Clark Air Force Base in the Philippines. (May 13)
Malian Civil War (1990 - 1996)

Nigerian Civil War (1990 - 1995)

Rwandan Civil War (1990 - 1994)

South African Rebellion
Lieutenant General Idriss Déby Itno (born in Fada in 1952) is the President of Chad and the head of the Patriotic Salvation Movement. Déby is of the Zaghawa ethnic group, specifically, the Bidyate clan. He added "Itno" to his surname in January 2006.

Nursultan Abishuly Nazarbayev (born July 6, 1940 in Chemolgan, Kazakhstan) is the current President of Kazakhstan, and the country's only leader since independence from the Soviet Union. He has been in office since 1990
Year Terror groups Terrorism War colonism dictators Coups military rule / emergency rule Weapons

Terror History Timeline 1971-1980

Terror History Timeline 1991-2000

© Deepthi.com, 2003-2005. All Rights Reserved.
Contact webmaster@deepthi.com for comments and suggestions.