Timeline History

Terrorism History Timeline 2001-Present

Year Terror groups Terrorism War colonism dictators Coups military rule / emergency rule Weapons
2001 Ansar al-Islam (AI)
Iraqi Kurds and Arabs Iraqi Kurds and Arabs Aims to create an Islamic state in Iraq; allied with al-Qaeda
HAMAS uses a suicide bomber to blow up an Israeli nightclub, injuring 140. (Jun 1, 2001)

Attacks on WTC and Pentagon (Sept 11, 2001). The attacks kill more than 3,000 people

A car bomb explodes outside the Jammu-Kashmir state legislature building in Srinagar, killing 40 people. Pakistan-based militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed claims responsibility for the attack (Oct 2001)

Two suicide bombers attack a Jerusalem mall, killing 10 and wounding 170. (Dec 1, 2001)

A suicide bomber boards a bus and blows it up in Haifa, Israel killing 15 and wounding 40. HAMAS claims responsibility. (Dec 2, 2001)

Islamic militants attack India’s Parliament in New Delhi, leaving 14 people, including several gunmen, dead. India blames Pakistan, which denies involvement. (Dec 2001)
A heavy bombing campaign followed by US-coordinated attacks on Taliban positions by Afghan opposition groups destroys the regime and, in December, US special forces and their Afghan allies fight al-Qaida in Tora Bora Joseph Kabila Kabange (born June 4, 1971), known commonly as Joseph Kabila, became president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo after the assassination of his father Laurent-Désiré Kabila in January 2001.

Nông Ð?c M?nh (born September 11, 1940) is the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) and has held that position since April 22, 2001. He was reappointed to that position in April of 2006.


A HAMAS suicide bomber blows himself up in a restaurant in Netanya, Israel killing 22 and wounding 140. (March 27, 2002)

A remote-controlled bomb is detonated at a May Day parade in Kaspiisk, Dagestan killing 42 and wounding 150. Al Qaeda is suspected. (May 9, 2002)

A car bomb explodes near the U.S. Consulate in Karachi, Pakistan killing 11 and wounding 51. Al Qaeda is suspected. (Jun 14, 2002)

A bomb explodes at a Hindu temple in Jammu, Kashmir killing 10. The Islamic Front claims responsibility. (March 30, 2002)

Two suicide truckers blow up a government office building in Grozny, Chechnya killing 80 and wounding 210. Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev claims responsibility. (Dec 27, 2002)

Three bombs explode in Russian towns near the Chechnya border killing 20 and wounding 93. (March 24, 2002)

170 people dead after bomb blasts in Bali (Oct 12, 2002)

Militants attack a Hindu temple in Gujarat. Thirty-three people, including two attackers, die. Police blame Indian Muslims recruited by Kashmiri militants. (Sept 2002)

2003 Al-Qaeda in Iraq
Targets U.S. soldiers and Iraqi citizens; leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi killed by U.S. in 2006

Tanzim Qa'idat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn (QJBR) a.k.a. Al-Zarqawi Network
Established soon after start of Operation Iraqi Freedom to bring together jihadists and other insurgents; merged with al-Qaeda Aims to expel Coalition forces and establish Islamic state in Iraq, then move to Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan

car bomb explodes outside the Shrine of the Imam Ali in Najaf, Iraq killing 81 and wounding more than 140. The attack kills Ayatollah Mohammed Bakir al-Hakim, who was one of the four leading Shi'ite leaders in Iraq. (Aug 29, 2003)

The U.S.S. Cole, a destroyer in the United States Navy, is rammed by a boat full of explosives in the harbor of Aden, Yemen. 17 sailors are killed and 39 more are injured. Al Qaeda is suspected. (Oct 12, 2003)

Two truck bombs explode outside the British HSBC Bank and the British Consulate General in Istanbul, Turkey killing 27 and wounding more than 450. Al Qaeda is suspected. (Nov 20, 2003)

A bomb explodes on a passenger train in Mumbai, killing 10 people. The attack is blamed on Islamic militants. (Mar 2003)

Two taxis packed with explosives blow-up outside a Mumbai tourist attraction and a busy market, killing 52 and wounding more than 100. (Apr 2003)

A truck bomb blows up a government compound in Znameskoye, Chechnya killing 54. Al Qaeda is suspected. (March 12, 2003)

Daniel Pearl, a Wall Street Journalist, is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan by Jaish-e-Muhammad, an Islamic separatist group opposed to U.S. control of Pakistan. On February 20th, a videotape shows Mr. Pearl's death. (Jan 23, 2002)

Two truck bombs explode as President Musharraf of Pakistan's motorcade drives through Rawalpindi, Pakistan. The explosion kills 14. Jaish-e-Muhammad is held responsible. (Dec 25, 2003)

A car bomb explodes outside a nightclub in Bogota, Colombia killing 32 and wounding 160. The Colombian Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARC) is suspected.(Feb 7, 2003)

A car bomb kills 5 in Kirkuk. Ansar al-Islam is suspected.
(Nov 20, 2003)

A suicide bomber kills 4 at a bus stop in Petah Tikva, Israel. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine claims responsibility (Dec 25, 2003)

Iraq War begins. (Mar 20) Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev (born December 24, 1961) is the current President of Azerbaijan. He also functions as the head of the New Azerbaijan Party

Hu Jintao (born December 21, 1942) is the current Paramount Leader of the People's Republic of China, holding the titles of President of the People's Republic of China, Chairman of the Central Military Commission and General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2003
Madrid train bombings killed 191 people and wounded over 1700. (March 11, 2004)

In Baghdad, Iraq, militants attacked and killed four security contractors (2 American, 2 Polish) and injured one other Polish contractor. Abu Mus'ab al-Zarqawi's Jala'at al-Tawhid wa'al-Jihad claimed responsibility. (Jun 5)

In southern Iraq, an improvised explosive device (IED) exploded as a vehicle passed, killing an American contractor. No group claimed responsibility. (Jun 2)

In Baghdad, Iraq, unknown gunmen opened fire on a convoy traveling to Baghdad International Airport, killing an American contractor. No group claimed responsibility. (May 30)

In Baghdad, unknown assailants kidnapped a U.S. citizen. As of 18 March 2005, the American was still being held hostage. A group calling itself the Islamic Rage Brigade claimed responsibility. (May 3)

In Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, four gunmen attacked the offices of private contractors, killing six civilians (2 American, 2 British, 1 Australian, 1 Italian) and wounding 19 Saudi policemen. The gunmen then attacked a Holiday Inn, a McDonald's restaurant and various shops before throwing a pipe-bomb at the International School in Yanbu. Al-Qa'ida claimed responsibility. (May 1)

In Tikrit, Iraq, unknown attackers fired rocket-propelled grenades at a U.S. convoy, killing one U.S. contractor. No group claimed responsibility. (Apr 30)

Near Baghdad, unknown assailants attacked a civilian vehicle and eight U.S. contractors were kidnapped. Five of the abducted were found dead in April 2004. The sixth contractor was found dead on 5 January 2005. On 2 May 2004, in Tikrit, Iraq, the seventh contractor escaped from hisi captors unharmed. As of 18 march, 2005, the eighth contractor was still missing. No group claimed responsibility. (Apr 9)

In Baghdad, militants kidnapped and later killed a U.S. Businessman. An Islamist website broadcasted a video which showed the victim's decapitation and ended with the appearance of Abu Mus'ab al-Zarqawi's signature and the date 11 may, 2004. Abu Mus'ab al-Zarqawi's Jama'at al-Tawhid wa'al-Jihad claimed responsibility. (Apr 9)

Near Baghdad, unknown assailants attacked a U.S. civilian vehicle, killing one U.S. contractor. No group claimed responsibility. (Apr 8)

In Fallujah, Iraq, unidentified assailants ambushed a contractor convoy, killing four US civilian contractors and setting them ablaze. The burned bodies of the four Americans were mutilated and drug through the streets, and at least two of the bodies were hung from a bridge over the Euphrates River. The contractors were providing security for food-delivery trucks headed to a U.S. Military base at the time of the attack. The Brigades of Martyr Ahmed Yassim claimed responsibility. (March 31)

In Mosul, Iraq, attackers launched a machine-gun attack, killing four US citizens and wounding one other. The victims were missionaries associated with the Southern Baptist International Mission Board. No group claimed responsibility. (March 15)

In Hillah, Iraq, unidentified gunmen disguised as Iraqi policemen shot and killed two U.S. civilian employees and an Iraqi interpreter at a fake checkpoint. The attackers took the vehicle, but were later captured by Polish troops, who discovered the bodies of the victims in the car. No group claimed responsibility. (March 9)

In Iskandariya, Iraq, an improvised explosive device (IED) exploded as a US civilian vehicle passed, killing one U.S. contractor and wounding three others. No group claimed responsibility. (Feb 23)

Assailants opened fire on a private helicopter, killing the Australian pilot and wounding three others (1 American; 1 British; 1 Afghan). The victims were contractors and had been inspecting the construction of a health clinic in the town. The Taliban claimed responsibility. (Feb 22)

Unidentified gunmen opened fire on a taxi, killing a Baptist minister from Rhode Island and wounding three other Baptist ministers from Connecticut, Massachusetts and New York. No group claimed responsibility. (Feb 14)

Near Tikrit, Iraq, unidentified armed men attacked a contractor convoy, killing three contractors (1 US; 2 unknown) working for the United States and wounding one US Soldier. (Jan 14)
War in North-West Pakistan begins. (Mar 10)    
2005   London bombings (July 7, 2005)

Suicide bombers hit 3 American hotels, Radisson, Grand Hyatt, and Days Inn, in Amman, Jordan, killing 57. Al-Qaeda claimed responsibility

At about 8:45 AM, in Baghdad, Iraq, an improvised explosive device (IED) exploded near a convoy, killing two government contractors (1 American; 1 South African) and wounding three others (3 South African). No group claimed responsibility. (Dec 22)

In Iraq, assailants kidnapped an American security consultant. On 8 December 2005, the assailants killed their victim. The Islamic Army in Iraq (IAI) claimed responsibility. (Dec 6)

In Baghdad, Iraq, assailants kidnapped four humanitarian aid workers (one US national, one UK national, and two Canadian nationals). On 7 March 2006, a video of the hostages was shown by al-Jazeera TV, dated 28 February 2006, showing only the UK and Canadian hostages. (Nov 26)

At about 11:00 AM, in Baghdad, Iraq, assailants detonated a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) as a US military patrol passed, killing four civilians, wounding four others and one US contractor, and damaging two civilian vehicles and several nearby homes, but leaving the patrol unharmed. No group claimed responsibility. (Nov 26)

At about 8:30 AM, near Hit, Al Anbar, Iraq, assailants attacked a convoy, killing two contractors (including one US contractor), three security guards, and one civilian, and damaging several vehicles. Ansar al-Sunnah claimed responsibility. (Nov 25)

In Baghdad, Iraq, assailants attacked a security contractor convoy, killing two South African contractors, wounding three other government contractors (1 South African; 1 Iraqi; 1 American), and damaging several vehicles in the convoy. No group claimed responsibility. (Nov 14)

At about 7:00PM, in Kuta, Bali, Indonesia and Jimbaran Bay, Bali, Indonesia, suicide bombers simultaneously detonated three improvised devices (IEDs) at three restaurants (one in Kuta, two in Jambaran Bay), killing at least 26 civilians (21 Bali Hindus, four Australians, one Japanese citizen), and wounding at least 129 civilians (93 Indonesian hindus, 19 Australian citizens, 6 South Korean citizens, 6 U.S. citizens, 4 Japanese citizens and 1 UK citizen). No group claimed responsibility, although it was believed Jemaah Islamiya Organization (JI) was responsible. (Oct 1)

In Ad Duluiyah, Salah ad Din, Iraq, assailants with rifles and rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs) fired upon a group of US Halliburton contractors after the group made a wrong turn near Balad, killing four of the contractors, wounding two contractors and one soldier, and causing unspecified damage to their vehicles. No group claimed responsibility. (Sept 20)

At 9:45 AM, in the Karradah district of Baghdad, Iraq, militants detonated a roadside vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) as a commercial security guard convoy passed, wounding five civilian bystanders and one US security guard, destroying one SUV, and setting three other vehicles on fire. No group claimed responsibility. (Sept 7)

In Tikrit, Salah ad Din, Iraq, militants detonated a roadside command-initiated improvised explosive device (IED) as a US contractor convoy passed, wounding one US contractor and destroying one vehicle. No group claimed responsibility. (Sept 6)

In Baghdad, Iraq, militants detonated an improvised explosive device (IED) as a commercial security company convoy passed, wounding two US contractors and damaging a vehicle. No group claimed responsibility. (Aug 28)

In Al Basrah, Iraq, five unidentified gunmen kidnapped a US freelance journalist and his translator outside a currency exchange shop. The journalist's body, with multiple gunshot wounds, was found hours later, as was the wounded translator who had four gunshot wounds. No group claimed responsibility (Aug 2)

At 1:15 AM, in Sharm ash Shaykh, Janub Sina', Egypt, assailants simultaneously attacked three locations in the resort city. One vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) exploded after crashing into the Ghazala Gardens Hotel, a second VBIED exploded in front of a coffee shop in the Old Market, and an improvised explosive device (IED) exploded in a parking area near Naema Bay, killing 88 civilians (including 11 UK; one Dutch; one Kuwait; one Saudi; one Qatari; one US; one Italian; one Czech; two German; and approximately 68 Egyptian nationals), wounding approximately 127 others (including nine UK; two Saudi Arabian; one Qatari; two Kuwaiti; 21 Italian; one Czech; four Spanish; five German; five Austrian; one Israeli; one Russian; one Ukrainian; one Turkish; and approximately 73 Egyptian nationals), severely damaging the hotel and the coffee shop, destroying an unspecified number of vehicles, and causing moderate damage to all three surrounding neighborhoods. The three attacks damaged an area linking Peace Road with Naema Bay, which are among the busiest areas of the city. The city, nicknamed the City of Peace, had been the site of many Palestinian/Israeli peace talks as well as the controversial Future of Iraq conference. The Martyr Abdallah Azam Brigades, Mujahidu Misr, Sinai Martyr's Group and Al-Tawhid Wal-Jihad (Unity and Jihad Group in Egypt) claimed responsibility, although many blamed Al-Qa'ida. (Jul 23)

On 7 July 2005, between 8:50 AM and 8:56 AM, in London, England, United Kingdom, three suicide bombers each detonated a backpack- concealed improvised explosive device (IED) at a different point along the city’s commuter rail transit system (between Kings Cross Station and Russell Square Station, between Liverpool Street Station and Aldgate Station on the Piccadilly line, and between Edgeware Road Station and Paddington Station on the Circle line). At 9:47 AM, a fourth suicide bomber detonated a backpack-concealed improvised explosive device (IED) on a double-decker bus. The attacks killed 52 civilians (40 UK nationals; 3 Polish nationals; 1 Australian national; 1 Israeli national; 1 US national; 1 Turkish national; 1 New Zealand national; 1 Romanian national; 1 Afghan national; 1 French national; and 1 Mauritius national); wounded approximately 700 others; destroyed several train cars, one bus, and an unknown amount of underground track; and damaged several nearby buildings. The attacks occurred on the day the G8 Summit was scheduled to begin in Scotland. Abu Hafs al-Masri Brigades and the Secret Organization of al-Qaeda in Europe both claimed responsibility, although it is widely believed the claim by Abu Hafs al-Masri Brigades should be discredited. (Jul 7)

Three bombs placed in busy New Delhi markets a day before a major Hindu festival kill 62 people and wound hundreds. India blames Kashmiri militants. (Oct 2005)
Abdullah ibn Abdul Aziz is the king of Saudi Arabia since 2005

Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé (born June 6, 1966), also known as Faure Eyadéma, has been the President of Togo since May 4, 2005; he was previously president for twenty days from February 5 to February 25, 2005
  Molotov cocktails were put to use recently during the riotous 2005 civil unrest in France.
2006   Varanasi bombings in Varanasi, India kill 28 people. (Mar 7)

Twin bombings at a train station and a temple in Varanasi kill 20 people. Kashmiri militants are blamed. (Mar 2006)

200 killed in train blasts at Mumbai, India (July 11)

Dahab bombings in Dahab, Egypt kill 23 people. (July 24)

In western Baghdad, Iraq, US and British troops found and freed the three remaining hostages. The Swords of Righteousness Brigades claimed responsibility.(Mar 23)

In the Mansour district of Baghdad, Iraq, the body of the US national was found shot and killed with his hands tied, and injuries on his back. (Mar 9)
2006 Lebanon War: Hezbollah and the Israeli government agreed to the terms of a ceasefire agreement created by the UN. (July 12 - Aug 14)

War in Somalia begins. (Dec 20)
General Sonthi Boonyaratglin (born 2 October 1946) is Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Army. He is the first Muslim in charge of the mostly Buddhist army. On 19 September 2006, he became the de facto head of government of Thailand after a coup d'état

Saddam Hussein executed by method of hanging. (Dec 30)
2007   Athens, Greece: the U.S. embassy is fired on by an anti-tank missile causing damage but no injuries. (Jan. 12)

Blasts on Samjhauta Express kill 67 people, mostly Pakistani nationals, were charred to death and nearly 15 injured (Feb 2007)

1st Algiers bombings in Algiers, Algeria kill 33 people. 9April 11)

Karachi bombing kills 136 people in Karachi, Pakistan. (Oct 18)

Algeria: more than 60 people are killed, including 11 United Nations staff members, when Al Qaeda terrorists detonate two car bombs near Algeria's Constitutional Council and the United Nations offices. (Dec. 11)

Benazir Bhutto assassination in Rawalpindi, Pakistan kills 22 including opposition leader Benazir Bhutto. (Dec 27)
2007 Israel-Gaza conflict begins. (May 15)

Lebanon-Fatah al-Islam conflict begins. (May 20)
2008   Jaipur bombings kill 63 people in Jaipur, India. (May 13)

Iraq: a suicide bomber on a motorcycle kills six U.S. soldiers and wounds 18 others in Tarmiya. (May 26)

Iraq: a suicide bomber kills at least 20 people, including three U.S. Marines, at a meeting between sheiks and Americans in Karmah, a town west of Baghdad. (June 24)

Afghanistan: four American servicemen are killed when a roadside bomb explodes near a U.S. military vehicle in Farah Province. (June 12)

Afghanistan: nine U.S.soldiers and at least 15 NATO troops die when Taliban militants boldly attack an American base in Kunar Province, which borders Pakistan. It's the most deadly against U.S. troops in three years. (July 13)

Ahmedabad bombings in Ahmedabad, India kill 53 people. (July 26)

Afghanistan: as many as 15 suicide bombers backed by about 30 militants attack a U.S. military base, Camp Salerno, in Bamiyan. Fighting between U.S. troops and members of the Taliban rages overnight. No U.S. troops are killed. (Aug. 18-19)

Yemen: a car bomb and a rocket strike the U.S. embassy in Yemen as staff arrived to work, killing 16 people, including 4 civilians. At least 25 suspected al-Qaeda militants are arrested for the attack. (Sept. 16)

Heavy terrorist attacks through explosions and gun shots on several places in the city of Mumbai, India, killing over 125 people and resulting in heavy fights between the army and terrorists. (Nov 26 - 28)
Year Terror groups Terrorism War colonism dictators Coups military rule / emergency rule Weapons

Terror History Timeline 1991-2000

Terror History Timeline Upto-1900

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