Timeline History

World History Timeline: 1901 - 1950

Year Rulers War and Politics Entertainment Literature Art and Architecture Science and Technology India Historic Events / Personalities
1901-1905 Theodore Roosevelt is US president; he works to reform business, railways, child labour, and to conserve natural resources (1901 -1909) Russo-Japanese War (1904- 1905)

Revolution in Russia (1905)
First Silent Movie, The Great Train Robbery (1903)

The first movie theater opens in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1905)
  Willis Carrier invents the air conditioner.(1902)   Queen Victoria Dies (1901)

Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and the first Empress of India from 1 January 1877, until her death in 1901.

Assassination of Alexander, king of Serbia (1903)

Salvador Dali (Surrealism) born in Spain (1904)
1906-1910 Ferdinand I proclaimed emperor of Bulgaria (1908) Young Turk revolution (1908) Color photography invented by Auguste and Louis Lumiere.(1907)   The very first piloted helicopter was invented by Paul Cornu.(1907)

Henry Ford produces first Model T car (1908)
  Carlos I of Portugal assassinated (1908)

More than 100,000 die in Sicilian earthquake (1908)

Robert Peary Becomes the First to Reach the North Pole (1909)
1911-1915 Woodrow Wilson is president of United States (1913-1921) Assassination of heir to Austrian throne leads to outbreak of World War I (1914) Motorized movie cameras invented, replaced hand-cranked cameras. (1912)     Eugene Sullivan and William Taylor co-invented Pyrex in New York City. (1915)   More than 1500 die in sinking of Titanic (1912)

Arizona and New Mexico become US states (1912)
1916-1920   Brazil declares war on Germany (1917)

United States declares war on Germany(1917)

Armistice ends World War I (1918)
World's first radio station opens in Britain (1920)     Stainless steel invented by Henry Brearly.(1916)

Ernest Rutherford splits atom for first time (1919)
  Russian Revolution (1917)

International Court of Justice established at The Hague (1920)
1921-1925 Mussolini becomes Italian prime minister (1922) Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera in Spain (1923- 1930) Walt Disney creates his first cartoon, "Alice's Wonderland" (1924)

Trivia: Walt Disney held the patent for Technicolor for two years, allowing him to make the only color cartoons.

  The first robot built.(1921)

First portable radio and first car radio made in United States(1922)
  Death of Vladimir Lenin (1924)
1926-1930   Stalin launches five-year plan to expand Soviet industry (1928) The First Talking Movie, The Jazz Singer (1927)

First Mickey Mouse cartoon (1928)
  In Britain, John Logie Baird invents the television (1926)

Robert H. Goddard invents liquid-fueled rockets.(1926)

Frank Whittle and Dr Hans von Ohain both invent a jet engine.(1930)

Discovery of Planet Pluto (1930)
1931-1935 Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes US president (1932)

Nazi leader Hitler appointed German chancellor; Nazis begin organized persecution of Jews (1933)
Chaco war between Bolivia and Paraguay (1932-1935)   Germans Max Knott and Ernst Ruska co-invent the electron microscope.(1931)

Wallace Carothers and DuPont Labs invents nylon(1935)
1936-1940   Civil War in Spain (1936 - 1939)

France surrenders to Germany (1940)
    The first jet engine is built.(1937)

Igor Sikorsky invents the first successful helicopter.(1939)

German scientists Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassman, demonstrate nuclear fission

British scientists develop radar (1940)
1941-1945   Allies invade France and begin to reconquer Europe (1944)

World War II ends (1945)
  Jet aircraft developed in England and Germany (1941)

Enrico Fermi invents the neutronic reactor.(1941)

John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry built the first electronic digital computer.(1942)

US scientists build first atomic bomb (1945)

Truman orders use of atomic bombs against Japan (1945)

United Nations is formed (1945)
1946-1950       Mobile phones first invented.(1947)

First supersonic flight (1947)
Independence of India (August 15, 1947)

On August 15, 1947, India became an independent Dominion within the British Commonwealth. Concurrently the Muslim northwest and east of British India was separated into the Dominion of Pakistan. Lord Louis Mountbatten, and later Chakravarti Rajagopalachari served in the office of the Governor General of India, the constitutional head of state.

Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse (1948 January 30)

NATO Established (1949)

NATO's (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) headquarters are located in Brussels, Belgium. Its other official name is the French equivalent, l'Organisation du Traitι de l'Atlantique Nord (OTAN)

The Soviet Union detonates its first atomic device.

Year Rulers War and Politics Entertainment Literature Art and Architecture Science and Technology India Historic Events / Personalities

World History Timeline : 1851 - 1900

World History Timeline : 1951 - 2000

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