Timeline History

New York City History Timeline 1801 - 1850

Year Politics Historic Events Personalities Art & Literature Architecture / Buildings Finance Crimes and Disasters Sports & Entertainment
1801-1805   1st edition of New York Evening Post was published. Alexander Hamilton helped found the paper and served as editor (1801). New York Times Square
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    Yellow fever epidemic, during which as many as 50,000 people are said to have fled the city (1805).  
1811-1815   The first steam-powered ferryboat, the Juliana, was put into operation between New York City and Hoboken, N.J. (1811).

The Demologos, the first steam-powered warship, was launched in New York City (1813).
John Banvard, painter of the world’s largest painting (3 mile canvas), was born in NYC (1815).   Securities Market Grows (1815):In the aftermath of the War of 1812, the market for securities in New York begins to grow. Along with government bonds, bank and insurance stocks now trade. Close to 100 buildings burn down on Chatham Street (1811). Times Square
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1816-1820   The first parachute jump from a balloon was made by Charles Guille in New York City (1819).     The New York Stock and Exchange Board (NYSE) was formalized and established its first quarters in a rented room at 40 Wall St (1817).

Rules and a Constitution (1817):A constitution with rules for the conduct of business is adopted.

Call Market Procedure (1817).

NY Brokers Form NYS & EB (1817):The New York brokers establish a formal organization, the New York Stock & Exchange Board (NYS&EB) and rent rooms at 40 Wall Street. They adopt a constitution with rules for the conduct of business.
Yellow fever epidemic (1819).  
1821-1825   opening of the Erie Canal (1825). Charles Scribner, was born. He founded the New York Publishing firm which became Charles Scribner's Sons and also founded Scribner's magazine(1821).

William Macy "Boss" Tweed, New York City political boss, was born (1823).
    Peak of 380,000 Shares (1824).

Erie Canal Opens (1825):The opening of the Erie Canal makes New York City the seaboard gateway for the Great Lakes region. New York State bonds, issued to finance the canal, are traded actively on the Exchange.
The Norfolk and Long Island Hurricane causes a storm surge of 13 ft in one hour, leading to widespread flooding south of Canal St., but few deaths are reported. The hurricane is estimated to have been a Category 3 event and to have made landfall at Jamaica Bay, making it the only hurricane in recorded history to directly strike what is now modern New York City. 1822 - Last important outbreak of a yellow fever epidemic in the city (1821).  
1826-1830   Charles Durant flew a balloon from New York City across the Hudson River to Perth Amboy, N.J (1830).

In 1827 New York is the first city to abolish slavery (1827).
Ballet (Deserter) was introduced to US at Bowery Theater in NYC (1827).   Railroads Dominate Trading (1830):The first railroad stock, Mohawk & Hudson, is traded on the NYS&EB. Railroad securities will dominate trading for the rest of the 1800s.    
1831-1835   The first streetcar -- a horse-drawn vehicle called the John Mason -- went into operation in New York City (1832).

First successful penny newspaper was published. Benjamin H. Day issued the first copy of "The New York Sun (1833).

Anti-Slavery Society was organized (1833).

The 5th national black convention met in NYC (1834).
  U.S. Custom House constructed (1833). Volume reaches 8,500 Shares (1835):Average daily volume reaches 8,500 shares, a 50-fold increase in just seven years.

The Great Fire (1835):The Great Fire destroys over 700 buildings in lower Manhattan. The NYS&EB moves to temporary headquarters.
Cholera Pandemic reaches North America. It breaks out in New York City on June 26, peaks at 100 deaths per day during July, and finally abates in December. More than 3500 people die in the city, many in the lower class neighborhoods, particularly Five Points. Another 80,000 people, one third of the population, are said to have fled the city during the epidemic (1932).

More than 600 buildings are destroyed by a fire which rages for two days in the Financial District. Efforts to stop the fire are limited by sub-zero temperatures which freezes water in hoses, wells, and the East River. 23 insurance companies are wiped out by the resulting claims (1935).
1836-1840       Trading Prohibited in Streets (1936):The NYS&EB prohibits its members from trading in the street.

Average Daily Volume Falls (1837):Following the Panic of 1837, the average daily volume falls from 7,393 in January to 1,534 by June.
1841-1845   The first U.S. steam fire engine was tested in New York City (1841).

The 1st adhesive postage stamps in US were made available by a private delivery company in NYC (1842).

Joseph Francis patented a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat in NYC (1845).
  The original Wave Hill House was built in 1843 by William Lewis Morris
Telegraph is Invented (1844):The telegraph is invented, broadening market participation by facilitating communication with brokers and investors outside New York City. Mary Cecilia Roger, a young woman known popularly as "The Beautiful Cigar Girl," disappeared and her dead body was found floating in the Hudson River three days later. The details surrounding the case suggested she was murdered. The death of this beautiful and well-known girl received national attention for weeks. The story became immortalized by Edgar Allan Poe in his The Mystery of Marie Roget. Although there was intense media interest and an attempt to solve the enigma by Poe, the crime remains one of the most puzzling unsolved murders of New York City (1941). The New York Philharmonic, formed in 1842.
1846-1850   New York City and Boston were linked by telegraph wires (1846).

The New York Herald reported the discovery of gold in California. (1848).
John Jacob Astor (b.1763), America’s richest man, died (1848).   The High Bridge was built as an aqueduct to carry water to Manhattan (1849). Cholera epidemic begins in December 1848, its spread initially limited by winter weather. By June 1849, it reaches epidemic proportions. Eventually 5071 city residents die (1848-1849).  
Year Politics Historic Events Personalities Art & Literature Architecture / Buildings Finance Crimes and Disasters Sports & Entertainment

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